Glossary Terms

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  • AAFCO - The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) is an organization that develops and maintains model regulations for the manufacturer, sale, and distribution of animal feeds. These regulations are intended to ensure that animal feeds are safe and effective. The organization also sets guidelines for pet food ingredients, labeling requirements, and nutritional standards. In 1949,Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Abscess - Abscesses are often caused by bacteria that enter through cracks or cuts in the skin. An abscess can also be caused by a foreign object such as a splinter, or a bite from another animal. Infection causes the body to form a protective wall around the area, which is usually warm and tender. When pressureContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Acupuncture - The use of needles to stimulate certain points on the body (often referred to as meridians). Acupuncture is a part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), an ancient, well-known, effective medical method. Conventional, integrative, and alternative veterinarians use acupuncture for cancer treatments, pain relief, nausea, and other benefits. The Needles Used in Acupuncture The needles usedContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Adaptogen - Adaptogens are plants and herbs that help the body cope with stress and adapt to changes in the environment. Adaptogens are often referred to as tonics, because they nourish, restore and balance the entire body. Adaptogens for dogs can help your pet deal with stress, improve their immune system and support heart health. They alsoContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Addison's Disease - Addison’s disease is a disorder of the adrenal glands that causes low levels of important hormones. It affects both dogs and cats but is more common in dogs. In dogs, the adrenal gland produces hormones that help regulate blood pressure and blood sugar levels. When an animal has Addison’s disease, the adrenal glands don’t produceContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Addison's Disease - When the adrenal glands stop producing the hormones that keep the body in balance, Addison’s disease develops. Natural steroids, particularly cortisol and aldosterone, are the most essential hormones generated by the adrenal glands. The dog’s body will gradually degenerate without these hormones, and symptoms will begin to develop. When symptoms appear, a diagnosis can beContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Adenocarcinoma - Adenocarcinoma, also known as glandular cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the glands. It can occur anywhere in the body. However, it is most common in the stomach and intestinal tract. The exact cause of adenocarcinoma in dogs is unknown. However, there are some factors that are known to increase the risk ofContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Allicin - Allicin, a compound found in garlic, has been proven to have a variety of health benefits. In fact, many studies have shown that allicin has antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties. It’s also believed to help prevent heart disease and cancer. As an antioxidant, allicin helps protect cells from damage that can lead to disease. AndContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Alopecia - Alopecia is the medical term for baldness. It can affect any hair-bearing area of the body, including humans, dogs, and cats. Alopecia in dogs is a common problem that can be caused by many different things. Some of these causes include: Allergies or contact dermatitis – this might be caused by food allergies or environmentalContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Alpha-Linoleic Acid - Alpha linoleic acid is a member of the omega-6 family of unsaturated fats, meaning that it has 18 carbons and 2 double bonds. It’s used by the body to make other chemicals called prostaglandins, which are involved in many functions including blood clotting, inflammation, and immune response. ALA for Dogs Alpha linoleic acid (ALA) isContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Alternative Medicine - Alternative medicine is the practice of treating or managing disease and wellness without the use of conventional medicine. Alternative medicine practices are diverse in their foundations, methods, and goals. Examples include traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda in Asia, homeopathy in Europe, and naturopathy in North America. Alternative medicine is a catch-all term for any medicalContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Amino Acids - Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins, which are crucial to life. There are 20 different amino acids used in the human body; dogs need 18 of them. The two amino acids they don’t require are cysteine and glutamine, which they can make within their own cells. Amino acids can be found in animalContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Analgesic - Analgesics reduce the pain your dog is experiencing (or that you are). Natural analgesics for dogs are becoming more popular. The reason for this is the many benefits that come with using natural products. They are safer and more effective than chemical medications and allow for a better quality of life for your pet. TheContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Ancient Grains - Ancient grains are a type of cereal grain that has been cultivated for thousands of years. They’re also known as “heirloom grains” and include things like quinoa, amaranth, spelt, and kamut. These grains are considered to be healthier than modern varieties because they have more protein and fiber than typical wheat and corn-based cereals—and they’reContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Anemia - Anemia in dogs is a condition where your dog’s red blood cells are low, which leads to a lack of oxygen in their body. The symptoms are similar to those of humans, such as fatigue and weakness. When dogs have anemia, they don’t get enough oxygen from their circulatory system and instead must rely heavilyContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Anemia - Anemia is a condition in which the red blood cells that carry oxygen around the body are fewer than normal or do not contain enough hemoglobin. The red blood cells have a diminished ability to carry oxygen. The body requires iron to make hemoglobin, and iron deficiency may be the cause of anemia. The mostContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Anesthesia - Anesthesia is the condition of being unconscious and unable to feel pain. It can be induced by a variety of drugs. Anesthesia is used in many situations, including surgery and dental procedures. What happens when my dog is under anesthesia? When your dog is under anesthesia, he or she will be unable to feel pain,Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Angiogenesis - The development of new blood vessels. Malignant (cancerous) tumors are able to form their own blood vessels to access nutrients in the bloodstream and “feed.” The newly formed blood vessels are also responsible for spreading cancer throughout the body. How Does Angiogenesis Work? The process of angiogenesis is one that is deeply connected to theContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Anorexia - Anorexia is a condition in which a dog becomes unwilling to eat. Anorexia can be caused by many factors, including illness, pregnancy, and stress. When a dog stops eating, she can become dehydrated and malnourished. This can lead to serious health problems or even death if it goes on for too long. Anorexia usually occursContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Anthelmintic - Anthelmintics are often used to treat people who have worms in their intestines, but they can also be used to treat animals. Some types of dogs, such as collies and Shelties, are prone to worm infestations and need regular worming treatments to prevent health problems. In other cases, anthelmintics may be prescribed to treat aContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antibiotic Resistance - Antibiotic resistance is a problem across the world, but it’s happening with dogs too. Scientists estimate that in 2030, 10 million people will die from antibiotic-resistant infections each year. In addition to this alarming number, experts also believe that within 2 decades, antibiotics won’t work for many of the bacterial infections we rely on themContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antibiotic Resistance - Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem for the veterinary industry. It’s estimated that more than 70 percent of antibiotics given to pets are unnecessary, and overuse of these drugs can lead to bacteria becoming resistant to the antibiotics being used. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in such a way that makes them no longerContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antibiotics - Antibiotics are medications that treat bacterial infections. They can be taken orally (by mouth) or intravenously (through a needle). Antibiotics work by stopping the growth of bacteria that cause infection. Antibiotics do not cure viral infections such as colds or flu, nor do they treat fungal infections. Natural Antibiotics for Dogs Natural antibiotics for dogsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antibodies - Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system to fight disease. They can be found in blood, urine, and other body fluids. There are many different types of antibodies that play a role in protecting your dog from infections and diseases. Antibodies can be categorized into five major groups: IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG and IgM.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Anticoagulant - Anticoagulants are medications that prevent or reduce the formation of blood clots. Anticoagulant drugs are widely used in human medicine and are sometimes used for dogs with certain types of cancer. Why Are Dogs Given Anticoagulants? Anticoagulants are most often prescribed to treat cancer. Some cancers, such as mast cell tumors and osteosarcoma, grow quicklyContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antiemetics - Antiemetics are drugs used to control vomiting and nausea. They work by blocking the action of certain chemicals such as histamine, which are produced by the body during an allergic reaction. Antiemetics are often prescribed for dogs with vomiting or diarrhea to relieve symptoms, but they can also be used for dogs that have beenContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antifungal - Antifungal drugs or medications work by disrupting the growth of fungi. This makes it harder for the fungus to reproduce and spread throughout the body. There are many different types of antifungals available, each with different dosing schedules and side effects. Some antifungals are taken orally, while others are applied directly to the skin orContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antigen - Antigens are substances that trigger the body’s immune system to produce antibodies. Antibodies then attach to the antigens. Antigens can be proteins, polysaccharides (sugar molecules), or nucleic acids (DNA or RNA). Most antigens are proteins, but polysaccharides and nucleic acids also can act as antigens. The immune system recognizes antigens as foreign entities that areContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antihistamine - Antihistamines are a class of drugs that are used to treat allergies. Allergies occur when the body reacts in an exaggerated way to substances that are usually harmless. Antihistamines calm down this reaction and relieve allergy symptoms like sneezing, itching, and runny nose. Antihistamines can be bought over-the-counter or prescribed by your vet. Traditional AntihistaminesContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Antineoplastic - Antineoplastic for dogs is a type of cancer treatment that uses pharmaceutical drugs to slow down or stop the growth of cancer cells. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved certain antineoplastics for use in veterinary medicine. These drugs include: Cisplatin. Cisplatin is an anticancer drug used to treat some types of cancer, includingContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Apoptosis - Apoptosis is the scientific word for “cell suicide.” In a healthy body, cells “commit suicide” when they have reached the end of their life. Unlike healthy cells, cancer cells do not die. The “apoptosis switch” is turned off with cancer. The overall goal of treatment is to turn the apoptosis switch back on to forceContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Arrhythmia - A heart arrhythmia is a problem with the electrical activity of the heart. If a dog’s heart beats too slowly, it may be said to have bradycardia (slower than 60 beats per minute). If the dog’s heart beats too fast, it may have tachycardia (faster than 160 beats per minute). The most common type ofContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Arthritis - Arthritis is a common cause of lameness in dogs. The term arthritis actually means joint inflammation. So, when we refer to arthritis in dogs, what we’re really talking about is joint inflammation. Inflammation of the joints is caused by many different things, including trauma, infection, and degenerative diseases. If your dog has been diagnosed withContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Ascorbates - Water-soluble antioxidants called ascorbates are utilized to keep proteins and carbohydrates fresh. One of them is designated as ascorbic acid. This is vitamin C in chemical form. It’s used to stop food from browning in the presence of oxygen, notably meat and fruit. Ascorbates are compounds that contain both anions and cations. Like many compoundsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Ascorbic Acid - Ascorbic acids are a form of vitamin C that can be found in many fruits and vegetables. It is known to have antioxidant properties, which help to fight off free radicals and prevent oxidation. This means that ascorbic acids can help to reduce inflammation and prevent damage to cells. When it comes to dogs, ascorbicContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Ashwaganda - Ashwagandha is an adaptogenic herb that helps the body adapt to stress. It is found in India and Japan, where it has been used as a part of Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. Ashwagandha is also known by its Latin name, Withania somnifera, and can be found in many forms, such as dried rootContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Asthma - Asthma in dogs is a condition that causes a dog to have difficulty breathing. It can be brought on by a number of things, including allergies, environmental factors and even stress. If your dog has asthma, he will experience coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing when he tries to exhale. Asthma in Dogs The most commonContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Astralagus - Astralagus for dogs is a great way to give your dog’s immune system a boost. Astralagus is an herb that has been used in Chinese medicine to treat various ailments, including colds, coughs and fevers. It has also been used to help with bronchitis and asthma. Astralagus can be used as part of a holisticContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Astringent - Astringent for dogs is a topical solution that is used to reduce inflammation, heal wounds, and stop bleeding. The astringent acts as an antiseptic by slowing or stopping the growth of bacteria on the skin. This treatment can also help clean up wounds, cuts, and scratches. Astringents are often used to treat skin conditions suchContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Atherosclerosis - Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is a disease that affects both humans and animals. Although it’s most common in older dogs and cats, it can happen at any age. The disease causes the blood vessels to thicken and narrow over time, reducing blood flow to the heart, brain, and other organs. It’s not life-threateningContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Autoimmune Response - There are many diseases that can cause autoimmune response in dogs. These include: Lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus), which is an autoimmune disease that affects many organs, including the skin, kidneys, joints and heart. The most common symptom is a butterfly-shaped rash on the face and body. However, this disease can also cause inflammation of theContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Benign - Benign dog tumors are one of the most common types of tumors in dogs. Benign tumors can occur anywhere in the body and are not cancerous. They are usually not life-threatening, and they don’t spread to other parts of the body. Examples of Benign Tumors in Dogs Benign dog tumors are a common occurrence. ThereContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • BHT - BHT is a hepatotoxin that can cause hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer). Hormone disruptor. BHT preserves fats, color, texture, and oils. It’s a processed-food antioxidant. BHT is a common food additive used to preserve fats and oils. It prevents them from going rancid and keeps the foods that contain them fresher longer. BHT is short forContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Bile - Bile is a substance that your dog’s body makes to digest fat. It’s created in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. When it’s released into the small intestine, bile helps break down and absorb fat. Bile has a yellowish-green color, so it’s not surprising that you might see some poop that looks like this.
  • Bioavailability - The amount of time, and the rate, a drug, substance, or compound is absorbed into the bloodstream, and how much is excreted with effect. The higher the bioavailability, the better, in most cases. An Example of Bioavailability Bioavailability is the measurement of how well a substance is absorbed by your body. It’s often used toContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Biopsy - A surgical procedure that removes a tumor, a small piece of tissue, to determine if cancer is present. The collected tissue is submitted to the laboratory for examination. Results can be expected within 5-10 days in most cases. How is a Biopsy Done? A biopsy is a procedure that involves taking a sample of tissueContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Black Walnut - Black walnut for dogs is a rich source of antioxidants, which help to reduce oxidative stress in your dog’s body. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, which can be helpful for dogs with arthritis and other inflammatory conditions. Black walnut extract has been shown to help with allergies, eczema, and skin irritation.
  • Blackberry - There are many benefits of blackberry for dogs, but here are the top three: Blackberries can help improve your dog’s heart health. They contain anthocyanins and tannins, which have been shown to help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Blackberries can help prevent obesity in dogs by increasing the amount ofContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Blue Cohosh - Blue cohosh is a wonderful herb to add to your dog’s diet, and it can be used in a number of different ways. Here are some of the benefits of blue cohosh for dogs: It helps with pain and inflammation. Blue cohosh is known to help with menstrual cramps, which means it’s also great atContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Blueberries - Blueberries are a powerhouse of nutrition for dogs, and they can be used to treat a variety of ailments. Here are just a few of the benefits of blueberry for dogs: Blueberries are high in antioxidants, which can help fight against age-related diseases like cancer and heart disease. Blueberries contain vitamin C, potassium, and fiber.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Bone Broth - Dogs can also benefit from the gelatin in bone broth. Gelatin helps to heal tissue by promoting connective tissue growth throughout the body; this includes skin, tendons, ligaments and cartilage—as well as hair follicles! Hair follicles are where hair grows from; if your dog has a bald spot because their follicle isn’t working properly anymoreContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Bone Broth - Bone broth for dogs is a hot topic these days. It’s an emerging trend in the world of pet food, and it promises to be a great way to help your dog stay healthy. If you’re wondering if bone broth for dogs is something you should try out, here are some things you should know:Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Brachycephalic - Brachycephalic dogs have short noses and flat faces, which makes it difficult for them to breathe properly. They have a higher risk of developing respiratory problems, including collapsed trachea, because of their shortened airway. The condition is common in many breeds including Pugs, Bulldogs, and Shih Tzus. Brachycephaly (from Greek brachys “short” + kephale “head”)Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Bromelain - Bromelain is a protein-digesting enzyme that comes from the pineapple fruit. It’s useful in helping dogs digest their food and has a number of other health benefits as well. Here are just a few of the reasons why you might want to give your dog bromelain: It can help with digestion, so it’s good forContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Candidiasis - Candidiasis is a yeast infection that most commonly affects the mouth, but it can also infect the skin, vagina and urinary tract. Yeast infections are usually caused by overgrowth of the candida fungus, which normally lives in small amounts in your body. When there is an overgrowth of candida, it’s called candidiasis. If you suspectContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Canine Cognitive Dysfunction - Cognitive dysfunction in dogs is a common condition that can affect your dog’s ability to perform basic tasks such as walking, eating, and drinking. Dogs with cognitive dysfunction often exhibit signs of anxiety and confusion. They may become aggressive or withdrawn, and they may respond unpredictably to stimuli like loud noises or sudden movements. CognitiveContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Carcass - Carcasses are normally composed of skeletal muscle and fat, and also include other edible tissues such as offal. Carcasses can be used for human or non-human animal food. Alternatively, some animals are killed for their skins and fur, which are then sold to fashion designers, leather workers, and artists for profit. Carcasses are generally butcheredContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Carcinogen - A carcinogen is a cancer-causing agent. Carcinogens are found in all surroundings- air, water, soil, and food. The goal is to minimize exposure to carcinogens to reduce cancer risk. Examples of Carcinogens Carcinogens are any substance that is capable of causing cancer in living tissue. They can be either natural or man-made. Some common examplesContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Carcinoma - Carcinomas are a type of cancer that starts in the skin or the inner lining of the body. They can develop anywhere in the body, but they most often occur in the mouth, nose, and anus. Carcinomas in dogs are rare and typically develop as a result of another condition. In some cases, there isContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Cardiomyopathy - Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle. It can affect both dogs and cats, but it occurs most often in older animals. Cardiomyopathy causes the heart muscle to become enlarged and stiff, making it difficult for the heart to pump blood efficiently throughout the body. This can cause fluid retention, irregular heartbeat and breathingContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • CBD - CBD oil for dogs is a natural supplement derived from the hemp plant that helps relieve pain and anxiety in dogs with cancer. It does this by interacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of your dog’s body. The ECS is made up of receptors that help regulate mood, immune response, sleep cycles, and other functionsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • CBD - CBD oil is a form of cannabis extract that has been derived from the hemp plant. CBD oil can be used to treat a wide range of ailments as well as to improve overall health and wellness. What’s in CBD? CBD is one of the two main compounds found in cannabis plants (the other beingContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Chamomile - Chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce inflammation and swelling, which is common in allergic dogs. Chamomile contains a compound called azulene, which is known to have calming effects on humans and animals alike. This can be helpful for treating anxiety in dogs who are scared or stressed out by loud noises or unfamiliarContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Chemotherapy - Chemotherapy for dogs is a treatment option for dogs who have cancer. This treatment is typically reserved for when a dog has been diagnosed with aggressive tumors that are unlikely to be cured with surgery or radiation alone. Chemo drugs are designed to attack the rapidly dividing cells in your dog’s cancerous tumor. The goalContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Cherry Eye - Cherry eye is an inflammation or prolapse of the third eyelid of dogs. The third eyelid is normally hidden behind the other two eyelids, but it can be visible if it bulges out from the eye socket. The protruding tissue looks red and swollen, and it may contain a tear-like discharge. Cherry eye isn’t painfulContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Chronotherapy - Chronotherapy is a form of treatment that uses the body’s internal clock to regulate its rhythms. Chronotherapy for dogs can be used in many different ways, but it is most commonly used to treat the seasonal affective disorder (SAD), or the “winter blues.” Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that some people experienceContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Clean Margins - Following surgery, your oncologist may say your dog has “clean margins.” This means there is no sign of cancer outside of the tumor that was removed. Your dog is likely to be in remission following removal with clean margins. What Do Clean Margins Mean? Clean margins are the distance between cancerous tissue and healthy tissueContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Coccidia - Coccidia is a parasitic infection that affects dogs and puppies. It’s caused by microscopic parasites called Isospora canis, which live in the intestines of infected animals. The disease is most commonly seen in puppies, which can become infected through contact with their mother’s feces or from drinking water contaminated with fecal matter. Young dogs mayContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Colitis - Colitis in dogs is an inflammation of the colon. It’s a common problem for dogs and can be caused by a number of things. Dogs with colitis have diarrhea, often with blood or mucus present in the stool. Other symptoms may include vomiting, loss of appetite, and weight loss. This condition affects dogs of allContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Collapsed Trachea - A collapsed trachea in dogs is a condition in which the windpipe (trachea) is narrowed and can be easily compressed. The result is that it’s difficult for your dog to breathe, and even short periods of exercise can cause him to stop breathing. It’s important to recognize the signs so you can take action asContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Colloidal Silver - Colloidal silver has been utilized as a medical treatment for hundreds of years. It’s made by immersing small silver particles in a solution. Pathogens are thwarted by the minuscule particles’ ability to penetrate cells.The silver particles in colloidal silver can be so small that they are called nanoparticles. This indicates that some particles are soContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Colostrum - Colostrum is the first milk a dog produces after giving birth. It contains antibodies that help protect the puppies from disease during the first few weeks of their lives. Colostrum supplements are used to boost your dog’s immunity and digestive health. They can also be used to treat certain conditions, such as allergies and inflammatoryContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Comfrey - Comfrey is an herb that has many uses. It’s a great source of calcium, and it can also be used to treat wounds. Comfrey is particularly useful for dogs, as it contains allantoin, which helps promote the growth of new cells. Here are some of the benefits of comfrey for dogs: Helps promote healing fromContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Complete Blood Count - Complete blood count is a test that measures the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in your dog’s bloodstream. This blood test can help your veterinarian evaluate his overall health, detect anemia and infections, determine if there are enough red blood cells for adequate oxygen transport, and find out if yourContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Constipation - There’s nothing worse than trying to get your dog to do its business, only to have it refuse at every turn. This can be especially frustrating when you’re trying to train your pup and get them used to going outside. Luckily, there are a few things you can do to help your dog go potty—andContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Coprophagia - Coprophagia is the consumption of feces. It is a very common habit among dogs and one that can potentially result in serious health issues. Coprophagia is most commonly seen in puppies, who may eat feces as a way to sample the scent of their mother (dogs use scents from other animals to learn about theirContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Cordyceps Mushroom - Did you know that Cordyceps are a type of fungi that can be found in the wild and cultivated? And they’re all over the place! They grow on caterpillars and other insects. What’s so special about them? They contain a whole host of vitamins, minerals, and amino acids that are important to your dog’s health.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Corticosteroid - Corticosteroids are steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. They influence the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, and also have a number of other important functions. Corticosteroids are used for treating many conditions in dogs, including: allergic reactions immune-mediated diseases (e.g. inflammatory bowel disease) skin diseases (such as atopic dermatitis) Corticosteroid medications for dogsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Cortisol - Cortisol is a hormone that helps the body respond to stress. It increases blood pressure, heart rate, and blood sugar levels; it also decreases the immune system’s ability to fight off illnesses.
  • Cryosurgery - Cryosurgery is a medical procedure used to treat cancer in dogs. The procedure involves freezing the tumor with liquid nitrogen and destroying it. This can be done with either cryosurgery or laser therapy. The benefits of cryosurgery over laser therapy are that it’s less invasive, requires smaller incisions and can be used on tumors thatContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Curcumin - The benefits of curcumin for dogs are numerous, and can help them recover from illnesses, maintain a healthy immune system, and even get rid of fleas. Curcumin is an antioxidant that helps keep your dog’s body strong and healthy. It also helps reduce inflammation in the body, which can be beneficial for dogs with arthritisContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Cushing's Disease - Cushing’s Disease is a condition that occurs when the dog’s pituitary gland produces too much ACTH. This hormone is responsible for controlling cortisol levels in most animals, including dogs. Cushing’s Disease can be caused by a tumor on the pituitary gland or by excessive levels of cortisol in the bloodstream. It can also be causedContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Cytology - Cytology is a branch of biology that deals with the study of cells. It focuses on their structure, function, and various components and organelles. In order to study a cell, it must first be prepared by being fixed in a buffered solution or embedded in an appropriate medium. The cells can then be stained usingContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Decompensation - Decompensation is a term that refers to the condition of a dog when its body begins to fail. In dogs, this is usually caused by an underlying condition that affects multiple systems of the body, such as heart and respiratory disease, kidney disease, or liver disease. When a dog becomes decompensated, it will start toContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Degenerative Joint Disease - Degenerative joint disease is a condition that can affect dogs of any breed, but it’s most common in large breeds with long backs and short legs, like dachshunds, corgis, and basset hounds. It typically affects middle-aged dogs, but it can also occur in younger animals. Degenerative joint disease is caused by cartilage loss in theContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Diabetes - Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your dog’s body can’t produce or use insulin properly. Insulin helps your dog’s body use sugar (glucose) from the food he eats as energy. Without enough insulin, too much glucose builds up in the blood, which can cause serious problems. Diabetes is one of the most common endocrineContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Diabetes Mellitus - Diabetes mellitus is a disease in dogs that occurs when the body is unable to produce or utilize insulin effectively. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels by allowing glucose to enter cells, where it can be used as fuel. In diabetes mellitus, the pancreas produces too little insulin or the body’s cellsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Diatomaceous Earth - When used as directed on your dog’s fur and skin, diatomaceous earth acts as a natural flea repellent by absorbing the waxy layer that fleas use to stay attached to their host animal (usually a dog). When they cannot attach themselves to the waxy layer they die off within 24 hours. In addition to repellingContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Digestive Enzymes - Digestive enzymes are a great way to help your dog digest food more easily. They help break down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates into small particles that can be absorbed by the body. The benefits of digestive enzymes for dogs include: Improved digestion Healthier skin and coat Reduced inflammation in the gut Better nutrient absorption
  • Dirty Margins - Unlike clean margins, dirty margins mean the surgical oncologist was unable to remove all of the cancer cells. In these cases, additional modalities are reviewed including radiation, chemotherapy, and alternative medicine. Dirty Margins in Surgery When a surgeon removes cancerous tissue, it is critical that they do not leave any stray cancer cells behind. ThisContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Diuretic - A diuretic is a medication that increases the flow of urine from your dog’s body. It helps to flush out excess water and salt, which can be helpful for dogs with certain health conditions. Some of the most common natural types of diuretics include: Dandelion leaf and root (herbal) Uva ursi (herbal) Goldenrod (herbal) BuchuContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • DNA - DNA is the biological material that carries genetic information in most living organisms. The DNA segments that carry this information are called genes, and each gene corresponds to a specific trait in an organism. DNA is made up of two strands—one with the instructions for creating proteins, and the other with the instructions for creatingContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Dysbiosis - Dysbiosis is the state of imbalance between beneficial and harmful bacteria in the body. Bacteria are essential to our dog’s health, but dysbiosis occurs when there are too many or too few bacteria in the colon, or when there is an imbalance between good and bad bacteria. The result is poor digestion, malabsorption of nutrients,Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Ear Hematoma - An ear hematoma in dogs is a swelling of the ear caused by blood leaking from ruptured blood vessels. This condition can be painful and cause hearing loss, and it’s important to treat it as soon as possible. Ear hematomas in dogs typically happen when a dog has been hit or scratched in the ear.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Eggshell Membrane - Eggshell membrane is a great source of collagen and chondroitin sulfate. Collagen is a protein that keeps your joints healthy and strong, while chondroitin sulfate prevents cartilage from breaking down. These two compounds are the main ingredients in most joint supplements for humans, but they’re also found in eggshell membrane. This makes it a greatContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Embolism - Embolism in dogs is a serious condition that can be fatal. It occurs when a blood clot forms in the bloodstream of your dog, blocking the flow of blood to the rest of his body. This can lead to a variety of health complications and even death if not treated quickly.
  • Entourage Effect - The entourage effect is a phenomenon that occurs when the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. It’s a broad term that applies to many situations, but it typically refers to the way that cannabinoids and terpenes—the chemical compounds found in cannabis—interact with each other. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that can affect howContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • EPA - EPA for dogs is a type of food supplement that can be used to help your dog fight cancer. It is safe for dogs of all ages and sizes, and it does not have any side effects. EPA stands for eicosapentaenoic acid, which is an omega-3 fatty acid found in fish oil. Omega-3 fatty acidsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Epilepsy - Epilepsy in dogs is a neurological disorder that causes seizures, which are involuntary movements or changes in muscle activity caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Dogs can have what’s known as a grand mal seizure, where they lose consciousness and collapse; or a petit mal seizure when they become dazed or stare offContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Esophageal Tumors - Esophageal tumors are classified as either benign (noncancerous) or malignant  (cancerous). Malignant tumors are aggressive and prone to spreading throughout the body (spread to other areas of the body). The vast majority of esophageal tumors are malignant. Esophageal tumors are extremely rare in dogs and cats. The most common types of esophageal tumors include leiomyosarcomas (dogs), fibrosarcomas, osteosarcomas, and undifferentiated sarcomas, all of whichContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Ethoxyquin - Ethoxyquin is a pesticide that is used in dog food. It is a preservative that helps prevent fats from going rancid. It can be found in most commercial dog foods, but some pet owners want to avoid it for various reasons. The FDA does not require manufacturers to list ethoxyquin on their labels, so it’sContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Euthanasia - It is always a difficult decision to make when you have to euthanize your dog. The decision is often made for the best of reasons, like when your dog has a terminal illness or injury, or if the dog is suffering from extreme pain or suffering. Euthanasia is a painless and peaceful way to putContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency - Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is a digestive disease in dogs. It causes the pancreas to stop producing enough enzymes, which are needed to help digest food. A dog with EPI may have symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, or weight loss. The dog may also have large amounts of gas in their stomach and intestines. IfContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Fasting - Fasting involves spacing out your dog’s feeding routine on occasion. This can also help with inflammation control. Fasting lowers oxidative stress, which causes telomere shortening. Consider fasting or feeding your dog only once a day, or once or every other day from time to time.
  • Feline Urolithiasis - Urolithiasis is the medical term for the formation of stones in the bladder and/or kidneys. Stones can be made up of many different substances, but most commonly they are composed of struvite crystals and calcium carbonate. These stones can cause blockages, which then become very painful for your cat. The stones may also pass outContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Fiber - Fiber is essential for your dog’s health. It helps with digestion and keeps their bowels regular and healthy. Fiber also helps to prevent hairballs in cats and dogs, which can be a common problem for them. It’s important to make sure that your pets are getting enough fiber in their diet, especially if they’re proneContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Fine Needle Aspirate - This is often the first procedure recommended as it is minimally invasive and allows veterinarians and veterinary oncologists to gather a glimpse of what is happening inside your dog’s body. If there is a tumor, even as small as a pea, it’s important you request a fine-needle aspirate. This allows cancer to be caught earlyContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Frankinsence Oil - Frankincense oil is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. In addition to these qualities, frankincense has been shown to have anti-cancer properties that may help reduce the size of tumors and slow their growth. This is especially important when it comes to dogs with cancer because they frequently suffer from debilitating side effects that can makeContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Free Radicals - Free radicals are damaged cells found in your dog’s body. They destroy healthy cells in an attempt to reassemble themselves. This damages healthy cells, resulting in the production of even more free radicals. Your dog will suffer from oxidative stress if the amount of free radicals in his body grow out of control. Premature aging,Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Ginger - Ginger is a spice that’s been used for thousands of years. It can be extracted from the root of the ginger plant, and has many health benefits. Not only does it have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, but it also helps to reduce nausea and vomiting, which makes it good for dogs with upset stomachs. InContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Gingko Biloba - The benefits of gingko biloba for dogs are vast and can be used to help with a wide range of conditions. Gingko biloba has been shown to improve memory and cognitive function in both humans and animals. Studies have also shown that it can help with anxiety in dogs, especially when they’re exposed to loudContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Ginseng - Ginseng is an herb that has been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years. It’s often used to treat fatigue, stress, and diabetes—but does it have benefits for your dog? What Is Ginseng? Ginseng is a plant native to China and Korea. It grows in the wild as well as in gardens, and itsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Goat Milk - Probiotics can be found in unpasteurized milk. Oligosaccharides, a type of prebiotic found in goat milk, are also present. Goat milk also contains six times as many natural prebiotics as cow’s milk.
  • Goldenseal - Goldenseal is a plant that’s been used by Native Americans since the 1800s to treat all kinds of ailments in people and animals, including liver problems, kidney infections, heart disease, cancer and more. While goldenseal has a long history of traditional use, modern science hasn’t yet determined exactly how it works or which specific compoundsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Grade - The severity level of cancer; the higher the grade, the lower the prognosis in many cases. It’s important to continue your cancer journey regardless of the determined grade. Every dog is different and will respond differently to treatment. Grades of Cancer There are several different grades of cancer. The grade of a cancer helps determineContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Grass-Fed - If you’re looking to feed your dog a quality diet, grass-fed beef is a great choice. Grass-fed beef is leaner than grain-fed beef and contains higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). This makes it an excellent source of protein for dogs with allergies or skin problems such as hot spotsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Gut Microbiome - A microbiome is a microorganism-rich mini-ecosystem that includes fungus, viruses, protozoa, and—most notably—bacteria. Each body system has its own microbiota, but the intestines, with about one trillion bacteria, have the highest number of these microscopic organisms. 
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  • Heartworm - Dirofilaria immitis, often known as heartworm or dog heartworm, is a parasitic roundworm that causes dirofilariasis. It is a form of a filarial worm, a thin thread-like worm. It is transmitted from host to host by mosquito bites.
  • Heinz Body Anemia - Heinz body anemia is a blood disorder that can affect dogs. Heinz body anemia occurs when the red blood cells in a dog’s body clump together, causing them to have less flexibility and become rigid. This can lead to problems with the ability of the red blood cells to pass through small capillaries, which areContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Hemangiosarcoma - Hemangiosarcoma is a tumor that forms in the blood vessels and heart. It’s a cancerous growth, meaning it will grow and spread to other parts of your dog’s body if left untreated. You may have heard of hemangiosarcoma being referred to as “HSA,” which stands for hemangiosarcoma of the spleen. There are many different typesContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis - Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is a serious condition that can lead to dehydration, blood loss, and even death. The symptoms of this condition include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and weakness. If you suspect your dog has hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, please contact your veterinarian immediately. Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is caused by a virus or bacteria, but it can also be linkedContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Hepatoprotective - When something is hepatoprotective, it reduces stress and exhaustion while also preventing future injury in a liver that has been overworked.
  • Heterocyclic Amines - Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are formed when protein, such as that found in red meat and fish (and, in many cases, kibble), is cooked to temperatures around 398 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Holistic Veterinarian - A holistic veterinarian is a veterinarian who takes into account the physical, mental, and emotional health of an animal in addition to its medical health. Holistic veterinarians believe that the body has an innate ability to heal itself, so they seek to support the animal’s natural healing process rather than suppress it with drugs andContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Homeopathy - Homeopathy works by treating the whole dog—not just the symptoms of his ailment—and helping him restore balance to both his body and mind. When you take your dog to a vet, they’re going to treat him with conventional medicine that might help with his symptoms but won’t get at the root cause or help himContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Hospice - Contrary to popular belief, hospice doesn’t mean you’re giving up on your dog. Although making the decision is difficult, it simply means you’re noticing some decreases in quality of life and want to reduce pain, increase comfort, and have a little help in doing so.  The words “there’s nothing else we can do” don’t necessarilyContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Hyaluronic Acid - Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance in the body that provides lubrication and cushioning for joints, bones and other tissues. As dogs age, their bodies produce less hyaluronic acid, which can lead to joint pain and stiffness. Hyaluronic Acid injections can be used to treat arthritic conditions in dogs. These injections are administered directlyContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy - Hyperbaric oxygen therapy involves breathing pure oxygen in an enclosed room at pressures higher than normal atmospheric pressure. The increased pressure helps your body absorb more oxygen, which can help treat some conditions and injuries. It’s also used as a treatment for carbon monoxide poisoning, decompression sickness, and severe burns.
  • Hypothyroidism - Hypothyroidism in dogs is a disorder of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolism. When the thyroid does not secrete enough hormone to meet the body’s needs, hypothyroidism results. In dogs, hypothyroidism most often occurs as a result of autoimmune destruction of the thyroid gland by the immune system.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Inflammation - Inflammation is the body’s natural response to injury or irritation. It is a complex process that produces pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. Inflammation begins when damaged tissue releases chemicals called “inflammatory mediators.” These chemical messengers travel through the blood to nearby tissues and signal them to begin the healing process. When inflammationContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Insomnia - Insomnia is caused by anxiety and stress. Dogs with cancer often feel anxious or stressed out because they have pain or other symptoms of the disease, which can make them feel insecure or unsafe. They may also be anxious about being left alone at night, which can lead to insomnia.
  • Invertase - Invertase for dogs is a digestive enzyme that helps your dog digest food. Invertase is used to treat dogs with pancreatic insufficiency, which is a condition where the pancreas does not produce enough digestive enzymes. This can lead to symptoms such as weight loss and vomiting. Invertase comes in liquid form and must be givenContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Iodine Therapy - Iodine therapy is a safe and effective treatment for dogs with cancer. It works by reducing the size of tumors, preventing the spread of tumor cells, and improving your dog’s quality of life. Iodine therapy is also known as a holistic treatment because it uses natural substances rather than drugs or surgery. Iodine is anContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Kale - Kale is a leafy green vegetable that is rich in vitamins, fiber, and antioxidants. It contains beta-carotene, which is an antioxidant that helps to fight free radicals and may help prevent cancer. Kale also contains vitamin K, which plays an important role in blood clotting and bone health. This superfood also contains calcium and otherContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Kelp - Kelp is a seaweed that’s been used as a food, medicine, and fertilizer in Asia for more than 2,000 years. It’s also known to have some pretty amazing health benefits for humans—and dogs! Here are just a few of the ways kelp can help your dog feel better: Helps to cleanse the liver and kidneysContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • KetoPet Sanctuary - The KetoPet Sanctuary was founded in 2014 by Dr. Lisa Freeman as a 501 (c )(3) non-profit organization. The sanctuary was developed to provide shelter dogs with terminal cancer with a forever home.
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  • Laverdia - Laverdia Ca-1 (verdinexor) was originally developed by a company working on human cancer treatments. It was discovered that this medicine worked better in dogs than in humans and Anivive Lifesciences, purchased the medication. Since the purchase, they have been working toward full FDA approval.
  • Leaky Gut - Leaky gut is a digestive disorder that can cause a lot of problems for dogs, but it’s also something you can fix! Leaky gut syndrome is a condition that affects the intestinal lining and the immune system. It’s characterized by the permeability of the gastrointestinal tract, which allows undigested food particles, bacteria, and other substancesContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Leukemia - Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells, which are part of the immune system. When your dog has leukemia, his or her body will produce too many immature white blood cells, instead of the normal amount. The symptoms of leukemia in dogs can include: Swelling in the lymph nodes (theContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Lion's Mane - The lion’s mane mushroom is a powerful superfood that can benefit your dog. Lion’s mane is a type of mushroom that grows on trees and stumps in the wild. It can be found throughout Japan, China, and Korea. Because lion’s mane mushrooms are expensive and difficult to cultivate, they are usually sold dried or asContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Lyme Disease - Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that can affect dogs. It’s transmitted by ticks, so if your dog is spending time in wooded areas or other places with lots of tall grasses and bushes, it’s important to keep an eye out for ticks. If you suspect that your dog has Lyme disease, contact your veterinarianContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Lymph Nodes - Immune cells are housed in lymph nodes, which are little bean-shaped organs. When viruses or bacteria infect your dog’s body, or if your dog has an illness that causes an immunological reaction, the lymph nodes swell in order to combat the intruder.
  • Lymphoma - Lymphoma in dogs is a form of cancer that affects the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissue. These tumors are most often found in the spleen, liver, and bone marrow, but they can occur in any organ or tissue that contains lymphatic tissue. Lymphoma typically affects older dogs (usually between 6 and 10 years old),Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Marshmallow - Marshmallow is an excellent natural remedy for dogs. It can be used to improve the digestive system and provide relief from stomach upset and diarrhea. Marshmallow also contains vitamin C, which helps to maintain a healthy immune system. Marshmallow is often used to treat diarrhea in dogs, as it helps provide relief from stomach upset,Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Mast Cell Tumor - Mast cell tumors are among the most common cancers diagnosed in dogs and are usually found in the skin and subcutaneous regions of the body. They are considered to be malignant, meaning that they can spread to other areas of the body and eventually become fatal if untreated. The first step in treating this conditionContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Melanoma - Melanoma is a type of cancer that affects the skin and is the most common form of cancer in dogs. It can occur in any dog, but it’s most commonly seen in black dogs, especially those with light-colored fur. The risk factors for melanoma are similar to those for humans—sun exposure and tanning beds, asContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Melatonin - Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland in the brain and helps regulate sleep patterns in humans and other animals, including dogs. It also plays an important role in increasing white blood cells (WBCs), which are essential for fighting infection and disease, as well as stimulating the production of natural killer cells that destroy abnormalContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Metastasis - Metastasis is the spread of cancer cells from the original tumor to other parts of the body. It’s how most cancers become deadly, so it’s important to understand how metastasis happens and what you can do to prevent it. When a cell becomes cancerous, it undergoes changes that allow it to break away from itsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Methemoglobin - Methemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin that has been oxidized. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen through the body, and methemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin that can no longer bind to oxygen. Methemoglobin can be caused by exposure to certain chemicals, such as nitrites, sulfites, and sulfates. It canContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Milk Thistle - Milk thistle is the seed of a plant that has long been used in herbal medicine. It contains antioxidants, which have been shown to help protect against cancer development in dogs. It also has anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce pain and discomfort associated with cancer.
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  • Neutral Proteins - In TCM, the body is in a state of yin and yang. Yin is cool and soft, while yang is warm and dry. Yin organs include the lungs, spleen, kidneys, pancreas, and stomach. Yang organs are heart, liver, gallbladder, small intestine, and large intestine. The five elements that correspond to these organs are wood (lungs),Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Nitrates - Nitrates are a type of chemical that can be found in the water you drink, and if you have too much nitrate in your drinking water, it can lead to some serious health issues. Nitrates are not naturally occurring substances; they’re added to the water by farmers or municipalities. Nitrates are often used as fertilizersContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Nutrition - The diet you choose to feed your dog. Some foods are pro-inflammatory and pro-cancer, whereas others are anti-inflammatory and aid in minimizing cancer risk or killing cancer cells.
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  • OncoK9 - A breakthrough multi-cancer early detection test that allows veterinarians to detect cancer in dogs sooner via a simple blood draw.
  • Oregon Grape - Oregon grape is a great herb for dogs. It has a lot of benefits, and it’s one of the most effective herbal remedies for healing and treating your dog’s health problems. Oregon grape is used to treat everything from fleas to heartworms. It can be used to treat skin conditions like mange, ringworm and seborrhea.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Osteoarthritis - Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that affects the joints in your dog’s body. It happens when the cartilage in those joints wears away over time, leaving bone rubbing against bone. It can be caused by injury or age, but it’s most commonly found in older dogs and breeds with hip dysplasia.
  • Ozone Therapy - Ozone therapy for dogs can be used as a preventive measure, or in conjunction with other treatments to help eliminate any existing health problems. Ozone therapy for dogs is safe, effective, and has no side effects—plus it doesn’t cost more than traditional treatments. Ozone therapy for dogs works by adding oxygen to the bloodstream throughContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Palladia - Palladia is a new treatment for canine cancer that has been developed by Pfizer Animal Health. It is a prescription medication that belongs to a class of drugs called kinase inhibitors. Kinase inhibitors inhibit the activity of enzymes that regulate cell growth and division. The drug is approved for use in dogs with relapsed orContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Palliative - Palliative care makes your dog as comfortable as possible by easing symptoms associated with cancer. For example, Hospice is a palliative care-based organization. Remember, Hospice DOES NOT mean you are giving up. It simply means you are making your dog more comfortable along the dog cancer journey. Palliative Care Does Not Mean Euthanasia Palliative careContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Pancreatitis - Pancreatitis is a condition in which the pancreas, a large glandular structure located just behind the stomach, becomes inflamed. The pancreas secretes enzymes that aid in the digestion of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Pancreatitis is one of the most common diseases in dogs. It can occur at any age but is most common between 3Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Pancreatitis - Pancreatitis is a condition that affects the pancreas, a gland situated behind your dog’s stomach. When your pup has pancreatitis, his pancreas becomes inflamed and can’t produce enough enzymes to help digest food. This causes your pet to experience extreme pain as he tries to process his meals.
  • Papaya - Papaya is a delicious tropical fruit that can be enjoyed by dogs. Not only does it taste good, but it has several health benefits for our canine companions. Here are some of the many benefits of papaya for dogs: Papaya contains enzymes that help with digestion. Papaya is high in vitamin C, which can helpContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Parsley Pet - A hair tissue, mineral analysis (HTMA) diagnostic test offered by ParsleyPet analyzes 48 important nutrients as well as potentially harmful heavy metals. Additionally, they offer dog owners education that raises awareness of environmental pollutants and other diet-related pet health issues while utilizing factual data. This is an easy and non-intrusive method to determine whether yourContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Parvovirus - Parvovirus is a highly contagious virus that affects dogs. It’s primarily spread through fecal matter, so if your dog has parvovirus they’ll probably be able to pass it on to you or other dogs in the house. The virus lives in the intestinal tract of dogs, but they can shed it in their urine andContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Phenobarbital - Phenobarbital is used to treat epilepsy in dogs. It is an anticonvulsant that works by slowing down nerve impulses and can also be used to treat insomnia. Phenobarbital may cause drowsiness, so it should not be given around bedtime. It can also cause lethargy and depression in some animals, which could lead to a decreaseContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Pine Bark - Pine bark is a great supplement for your dog. It can help with everything from arthritis and joint pain to bad breath and even heartworm prevention! Here are some of the benefits of pine bark for dogs: Heartworm Prevention. The astringent properties of pine bark make it an excellent additive to any heartworm preventative medication.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Polyphenols - Polyphenols are compounds found exclusively in plants, particularly berries. Polyphenols suppress the Nf-kB pathway, which reduces inflammation. Polyphenols are a family of chemicals found in plants and some animals. They’re also known as plant pigments. They come in a wide variety of colors and flavors, but they all have the same basic chemical structure: twoContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Polyuria - Polyuria is a condition that causes a dog to urinate excessively. It can be caused by anything from diabetes to kidney disease, but it’s usually not serious and can be treated with medication.
  • Prebiotics - Prebiotics are foods that provide sustenance for good intestinal flora. They’re constructed of indigestible fiber and carbohydrates that are resistant to digestion. Several examples of prebiotics include mushrooms, fermented foods, burdock root, and dandelion root.
  • Prednisone - Prednisone is an immunosuppressant drug that works by suppressing your dog’s immune system and reducing inflammation throughout the body. This makes it useful as a treatment for many different types of cancer because it slows down the growth rate at which tumors grow, which can help keep them from spreading or becoming more aggressive. BecauseContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Probiotics - Probiotics for dogs can be an excellent way to help your dog’s immune system and overall health. Probiotics are good bacteria that help balance out the harmful bacteria in your dog’s digestive tract, which can lead to bad breath, skin problems, constipation, diarrhea and other health issues. Probiotics for dogs can come in the formContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Pyometra - Pyometra is a serious infection in the uterus of female dogs. This condition occurs when the lining inside the uterus becomes infected, allowing bacteria to multiply. The infected tissue then becomes inflamed and filled with pus. This pus can release into the abdominal cavity, causing an abscess. The most common cause of pyometra is anContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Quercetin - Quercetin is a strong antioxidant that helps to reduce oxidative stress. It’s crucial for reducing inflammation. As a result, it can aid in the prevention of a variety of inflammatory disorders.
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  • Radiation - The purpose of radiation therapy is to kill cancer cells that cannot be removed by surgery. Radiation therapy can be used as an alternative to surgery or in addition to surgery. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays or other particles, such as protons or neutrons, to destroy cancer cells. The radiation beams are focused on theContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Red Clover - ed clover is a perennial flowering plant that has been used for centuries as a medicinal herb. It is also commonly found in lawns, and it is a popular choice for gardeners who want to attract bees and other pollinators. Red clover has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including bronchitis, hay fever,Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Regurgitation - Ejection of the contents of the esophagus, not the stomach. Regurgitation is a common condition in dogs that causes them to spit up food or liquid. It’s normal for a dog to regurgitate food and water once or twice after eating, but if your dog is regurgitating more than that, it could be a signContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Reishi - Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) is one of the most famous and beneficial herbs in Chinese medicine. It has been used for thousands of years to treat a variety of conditions, including fatigue, anxiety and depression, high blood pressure, liver problems, low energy levels, and cancer. In addition to its medicinal uses, reishi mushrooms also haveContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Remission - Cancer remission in dogs is a topic no one wants to talk about, but it’s something all pet owners should be aware of. A dog can be diagnosed with cancer at any time during his or her lifetime. The good news is that most cancers are treatable, and many can be cured. In fact, dogsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Rendering - Rendering is the process of converting animal fats and proteins (meats and poultry, fish, seafood, and cheese products) into saleable products such as tallow, meat and bone meal, and dry pet food. Rendering is the process of cooking and drying animal byproducts, then grinding them into a powdery substance. This powdery substance is used asContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Saccharomyces boulardii - The capacity of S. boulardii to pass through the GI system unharmed is one of its distinctive characteristics. It can then gather and concentrate in the intestines as a result. Because of this, S. boulardii can treat intestinal illnesses brought on by Escherichia coli and Clostridium difficile. Because they prevent the spread of the geneticContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Sarcoma - Sarcoma in dogs is a type of cancer that can affect any part of the body, including the skin, muscle, or bone. While sarcomas are usually found in older dogs, younger animals can sometimes develop the disease as well. There are several different types of sarcoma: -Myxosarcoma: This type of sarcoma is most common inContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Shiitake - Shiitake mushrooms are not just for humans. Not only do they taste delicious, but they can also help your dog stay healthy and happy! What are shiitake mushrooms? Shiitake is a species of mushroom that grows on oak trees. They have been used in Chinese medicine for centuries to help improve digestion and reduce inflammation.Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Short Chain Fatty Acids - Short-chain fatty acids are a group of short-chain fatty acids that can be used by the body for energy. They are produced when carbohydrates and dietary fiber are fermented by gut flora, mainly in the large intestine. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) include acetate, propionate, and butyrate. The reason that these substances are called “short” isContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Skullcap - Skullcap is a potent herb that has been used for thousands of years by humans. It is also known by the name horse mint and was used as a staple in Native American medicine. Skullcap has many benefits for dogs, including supporting their immune system and helping them get to sleep more easily. It isContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Slippery Elm - Slippery Elm calms mucosal membranes in the digestive tract and lowers inflammation. It produces an oily mucilage that lubricates the gastrointestinal tract and promotes mucus secretion.
  • Spinach - Spinach is one of the best greens to add to your dog’s diet. Here are five benefits it can provide: Spinach contains iron, which helps dogs maintain healthy blood and provides energy in their muscles. Spinach is also rich in vitamin C, which plays an important role in healing wounds and maintaining good eyesight. SpinachContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Sweet Violet - Sweet violet is a perennial herb native to Europe and Asia. It has showy purple flowers that bloom in the spring and summer, but you can also find a variety of other colors (like white, pink, and yellow) depending on where you’re looking. It’s one of the most popular herbs for people to grow—and nowContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Synthetic Preservatives - Many of the preservatives used in dog food are synthetic, meaning they are created in a lab. Synthetic preservatives are not natural and can be detrimental to your dog’s health. Some of the most common synthetic preservatives in dog food include: Banned in Japan BHA is banned in Japan due to health concerns about itsContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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  • Tocopherols - Tocopherols are a family of compounds that are fat-soluble vitamins and antioxidants. They are also known as vitamin E. The tocopherols include alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherol. All of these forms have antioxidant properties, which can help protect cells from damage. Tocopherols are found in vegetables, especially nuts and seeds. They play an important roleContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine - Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, known as TCVM, is a holistic approach to animal health that uses the principles of Chinese medicine to treat disease and prevent illness. The goal of TCVM is to strengthen the animal’s body and improve its ability to adapt and resist disease by using herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage therapy, dietary changes,Continue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins - Tumor suppressor proteins are a family of proteins that inhibit the rate of cell proliferation, which may prevent the development of cancer. Tumor suppressors are tumor-suppressing genes that normally control and regulate the cell cycle. These genes usually prevent growth from becoming abnormal. However, when these genes become mutated or defective, they can no longerContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
  • Turkey Tail Mushroom - The turkey tail fungus is a medicinal mushroom with a wide range of uses. Turkey tail mushrooms are high in antioxidants and other substances that assist in strengthening the immune system and fight cancer. Turkey tail also enhances immunity by improving gut-bacteria balance in the gastrointestinal tract.
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  • Yunnan Baiyao - Yunnan baiyao is a combination of herbal substances that have been utilized in China for thousands of years. It was created in 1902 by Dr. Qu Huanzhang of Yunnan, China, a Chinese medicine practitioner. Its most well-known use was during World War II, when it was used to treat and halt major bleeds in injuredContinue reading "Glossary Terms"
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