Short-chain fatty acids are a group of short-chain fatty acids that can be used by the body for energy. They are produced when carbohydrates and dietary fiber are fermented by gut flora, mainly in the large intestine. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) include acetate, propionate, and butyrate.
The reason that these substances are called “short” is because they contain fewer carbon atoms than other types of fats. The three most common SCFAs are acetate (two carbons), propionate (three carbons) and butyrate (four carbons).
Acetate, propionate, and butyrate are absorbed into the bloodstream from the colon and travel to cells throughout the body where they produce energy. Some studies suggest that these SCFAs can reduce appetite, increase feelings of fullness after meals, improve glucose tolerance, and lower blood pressure.
Benefits of Short Chain Fatty Acids for Dogs
The benefits of short chain fatty acids in dogs include the following:
- Inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi that cause yeast infections and other skin problems.
- Improve digestion by increasing intestinal motility and reducing intestinal inflammation.
- Improve the absorption of nutrients from food, especially calcium, magnesium, zinc and iron.
- Improve the absorption of probiotic bacteria from food or supplements, which help to prevent diarrhea, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and colon cancer.