Corticosteroids are steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. They influence the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, and also have a number of other important functions.
Corticosteroids are used for treating many conditions in dogs, including:
- allergic reactions
- immune-mediated diseases (e.g. inflammatory bowel disease)
- skin diseases (such as atopic dermatitis)
Corticosteroid medications for dogs may be given by mouth or injected into the body. Most corticosteroid drugs are available only with a prescription from your veterinarian.
How Are Corticosteroids Given?
Corticosteroids are available in different forms; some work faster than others, and some have different effects on the body. For example, prednisolone is used to treat severe allergic reactions, while triamcinolone works more slowly but lasts longer. The choice of medication depends on the condition being treated and what kind of effect you want it to have on your pet’s body.