Brachycephalic dogs have short noses and flat faces, which makes it difficult for them to breathe properly. They have a higher risk of developing respiratory problems, including collapsed trachea, because of their shortened airway.

The condition is common in many breeds including Pugs, Bulldogs, and Shih Tzus.

Brachycephaly (from Greek brachys “short” + kephale “head”) is a morphological feature that is characterized by a shorter than normal skull. It is the opposite of dolichocephaly (“long head”).

Brachycephalic Dog Breeds and Symptoms

These dogs can have trouble breathing because of these physical changes, often leading to chronic upper respiratory problems. Some examples of brachycephalic dogs include pugs, bulldogs and Pekingese.

The most common health problems seen in brachycephalic dogs include:

  • Snoring/barking
  • Allergies (seasonal or food) or skin conditions (eosinophilic dermatitis)
  • Heat intolerance
  • Eye discharge/tearing/lacrimation (epiphora) or eye infection (conjunctivitis)
  • Chronic ear infections

Published by AmberLDrake

Dr. Drake is an award-winning author and well-known cancer specialist in her field. She is best known for her extensive research on canine cancer prevention and nutrition, her dedication to help dogs live a long, happy life, and for teaching veterinary medicine. As the CEO of Canine Companions Co., the Founder of Drake Dog Cancer Foundation and Academy, and the Co-Founder of Preferable Pups, in addition to being a respected figure in the dog world, she has earned the respect of thousands of dog lovers worldwide.