Anemia is a condition in which the red blood cells that carry oxygen around the body are fewer than normal or do not contain enough hemoglobin. The red blood cells have a diminished ability to carry oxygen. The body requires iron to make hemoglobin, and iron deficiency may be the cause of anemia.

The most common type of anemia in dogs is called nonregenerative anemia. This type of anemia occurs when there is not enough iron available for new red blood cell formation or when the bone marrow does not produce enough new red blood cells.

Some dogs with nonregenerative anemia have no noticeable symptoms, but others may experience fatigue, weakness, pale gums and lethargy.

Other Types of Anemia in Dogs

Regenerative Anemia – Regenerative anemia occurs when the bone marrow has been damaged by chemotherapy or radiation therapy; this type of anemia can be treated with blood transfusions.

Acquired Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia – Acquired immune-mediated hemolytic anemia is caused by a reaction between antibodies in your dog’s bloodstream and his own red blood cells; this type of anemia usually requires treatment with steroids or other medications.

Published by AmberLDrake

Dr. Drake is an award-winning author and well-known cancer specialist in her field. She is best known for her extensive research on canine cancer prevention and nutrition, her dedication to help dogs live a long, happy life, and for teaching veterinary medicine. As the CEO of Canine Companions Co., the Founder of Drake Dog Cancer Foundation and Academy, and the Co-Founder of Preferable Pups, in addition to being a respected figure in the dog world, she has earned the respect of thousands of dog lovers worldwide.