Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cells that play a crucial role in the immune system. It is one of the most common types of cancer in dogs, and early detection is important for better treatment outcomes. Here are some signs and symptoms of lymphoma in dogs:
Don’t self-diagnose your dog with lymphoma. Be certain to obtain a veterinary diagnosis.
- Enlarged lymph nodes: One of the most common signs of lymphoma in dogs is the presence of enlarged lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are often palpable and can be felt as lumps or bumps under the skin. They may be firm, enlarged, and non-painful, and can be found in various locations in the body, such as the neck, armpits, groin, and behind the knees.
- Loss of appetite and weight loss: Dogs with lymphoma may experience a loss of appetite and subsequent weight loss. This can be due to the cancer affecting their ability to eat normally, or due to general malaise and illness associated with cancer.
- Lethargy and weakness: Lymphoma can cause dogs to feel fatigued, lethargic, and weak. They may have reduced energy levels, seem less interested in activities they previously enjoyed, and show signs of overall weakness.
- Swollen abdomen: In some cases, lymphoma can cause the abdomen to become swollen due to the enlargement of organs such as the liver or spleen. This may be noticeable as a distended belly in dogs.
- Respiratory signs: Lymphoma can affect the respiratory system, and dogs with lymphoma may show signs such as coughing, difficulty breathing, or rapid breathing.
- Changes in skin or coat: Lymphoma can sometimes cause changes in the skin or coat of affected dogs. This may include skin lesions, itchiness, redness, or changes in hair coat quality.
- Other general signs: Dogs with lymphoma may also exhibit other general signs of illness such as vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and dehydration.
It’s important to note that these signs and symptoms can also be associated with other conditions, and the presence of these signs alone does not necessarily mean a dog has lymphoma. However, if you notice any of these signs in your dog, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment options. Early detection and intervention can greatly impact the prognosis and outcome for dogs with lymphoma.